Charles Sprague ‘Carl’ Ruggles (1876-1971)

Cleveland Orchestra/Christoph von Dohnányi; February 1988, Severance Hall. In 1994 they recorded Sun-treader for Decca with Charles Ives’s Three Places in New England.

New York Philharmonic/Kurt Masur; May 1994.

Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra/Michael Tilson Thomas; CBS studio recording. MTT had previously recorded Sun-treader in Boston for DG, an LP that also included Ives’s Three Places.

Sun-treader: the opening of Brahms’s First Symphony meets Scriabin’s Poem of Ecstasy.